Economic Update May 2018

Within this month’s update, we share with you a snapshot of economic occurrences both nationally and from around the globe.
  • Australian share market recovers
  • United State (US) economy seen as strengthening
  • Royal Commission casualties
  • Korean peninsula frictions easing

We hope you find this month’s Economic Update as informative as always. If you have any feedback or would like to discuss any aspect of this report, please contact your Financial Adviser.

The Big Picture

After two challenging months for equity markets, April turned out an impressive +3.9% for the ASX 200 but only +0.3% for the S&P 500 on Wall Street. Even better for Australia – that big gain was made up of four consecutive weeks of all positive gains. Low volatility returned.

The dominant negative influence on Wall Street was the ‘tech rout’. A number of mega tech companies like Apple suffered significant price corrections. That we do not have such a tech sector in Australia explains in part how we avoided much of the US volatility.

The US produced an impressive company reporting season with about 80% of companies beating analysts’ expectations with their Q1 earnings reports.

The US Federal Reserve (‘Fed’) produced minutes of its last meeting with a strong assessment of the US economy. It led the Fed to hold the line on there being three rate hikes in 2018 but possibly increasing the pace in the following two years.

The US reported slightly weaker economic growth for quarter one but a big beat on Retail Sales for the month. US jobs did come in well under expectations for the month but that followed an exceptionally strong report the previous month. The average of two months’ data was about on expectations.

China posted above-expectations, with economic growth at 6.8%. The April Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for manufacturing came in at a solid 51.4. Talk of trade wars between the US and China appears to be taking on a more conciliatory tone.

At home, the Royal Commission into the Financial Services Industry produced some casualties. AMP’s chairman resigned as a result of certain findings. A high-profile financial planner (and principal) is reported to have lost all of his regular spots on TV and in the press for allegedly ‘bad’ advice. A UBS analyst put a ‘Sell’ recommendation on Westpac after assessment of evidence on its home loan book. Westpac’s stock price took an immediate tumble.

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) kept rates on hold in April and again at the May meeting. With inflation coming in at 0.4% for the quarter and 1.9% for the year, this economic indicator is still below the RBA’s target range of 2% to 3%.

Our jobs report continues to see underlying growth in full-time jobs slipping month-by-month but it is still positive. The unemployment rate is stuck at around 5.5% which is well above most people’s estimates for full employment.

Japan emphasised the need to keep monetary policy loose until inflation gets above two per cent. The European Central Bank also reaffirmed that it will not start hiking rates anytime soon. UK economic growth, coming in at only 0.1% for the quarter, means that hikes anytime soon are unlikely. Policy makers around the world seem to be coordinated and in tune with keeping global growth on track for a strong 2018 and 2019.

While President Trump continues to be unpopular in the media and elsewhere, he scored two big wins in April. A joint US-UK-France missile mission attacked terrorist cells in Syria further reducing the likelihood of global unrest from terrorists. In addition, the North Korean president Kim Jong Un walked across the border to South Korea to meet his opposite number. Trump is also reportedly planning a meeting with Kim Jong Un. North and South now have a ‘hotline’ for immediate contact. This sentiment is a far cry from the fear of nuclear attacks from North Korea a few months or more ago. Trump stressing that he had a ‘bigger button’ seems to have worked even if reporters scoffed at the time!

Apart from the controlled unwinding of an overbought tech sector in the US, the world economy and markets seem back on track for stable growth prospects.

Asset Classes

Australian Equities

Our ASX 200 gained in April what largely it had lost in March. Resource stocks and the Healthcare sector were particularly strong performers. A more stable outlook for China and commodity prices helped resources.

Market volatility is back down to below long-term average levels and our index is once again ABOVE the 6,000 level. The total returns for the index – that is including reinvested dividends but not franking credits – for the financial year to date is a reasonable, but not stellar, 8.3%. But, with franking credits, that return rises to about 9.5%.

Foreign Equities

Major indexes such as Japan’s Nikkei, the London FTSE and the German DAX all had an even stronger April than Australia but the Wall Street S&P 500 index only produced a modest return of 0.3%.

Apple’s sales of iPhones are reportedly seen as under-performing; Amazon is being berated by Trump over his perception of its abuse of the US postal service; and Intel’s chip-making business is seen as losing demand as Apple plans to take manufacture of chips in-house by 2020. All-in-all the tech sector had a bad April.

Bonds and Interest Rates

The RBA did not change rates at the April nor May meetings. It is doubtful that they will raise rates in 2018 and they might even cut.

There are reports from the US Fed that rates might start to go up quicker than was thought at the beginning of the year. This is a sign of strength and markets took the statements within its stride. Ten year bonds broke through three per cent for the first time in a few years.

Japan’s chief central banker, Yutaka Harada, emphasised that monetary stimulus will continue until inflation exceeds two percent. The ECB also indicated that rate hikes are not front-of-mind.

Other Assets

The prices of oil, iron ore and copper all posted a strong April. Gold was flat. Our dollar was down a fraction.

Regional Analysis


While 4,900 new jobs were reported to have been created in April, 19,859 full-time jobs were lost. Part-time growth rescued the day. But, in trend terms, there was a small increase of 1,150 full-time jobs. The unemployment rate was flat at 5.5%.

Inflation came in at 0.4% for the quarter and 1.9% for the year – below the RBA target band. Retail sales grew by only 0.1% for the month.

The Budget will be handed down in May. With economic growth less than desired, we hope for some additional fiscal stimulus.


The dialogue between the US and China softened over April and the US announced various exceptions to its steel and aluminium tariffs.

China’s economic growth came in at 6.8% which was just above the expectations of 6.7%. China’s manufacturing PMI was 51.4 – just down from 51.5 in the previous month – but still above expectations.


After a major increase in jobs reported in March, the release in April was much lower. But the average jobs gain over the two months was above 200,000 per month. The unemployment rate stayed steady at 4.1%.

US economic growth came in at 2.3% which is down from 2.9% at the end of 2017. However, growth will be revised again (as always) in May and June. Because of weather conditions, this provisional read often gets revised upwards for the first quarter.

With retail sales at a very strong growth of 0.6% for the month, the consumer is back.


United Kingdom (UK) growth was barely positive at 0.1% for the first quarter which was much less than the expected 0.3%.
Greece is trying to renegotiate its debt repayments with the IMF and the EU. The idea is to tie repayments to economic growth but the two bodies cannot agree on their predictions!

Rest of the World

There is now a ‘hotline’ between North and South Korea. The two presidents shook hands on both sides of the border in an historic meeting. Trump is now saying he gets on well with Kim Jong Un and Trump plans to meet with him soon to discuss restrictions on nuclear capabilities. This is a big plus for world peace.

The US combined forces with France and the UK to launch a targeted missile attack on parts of Syria. It appears that ISIS is becoming much less of a global threat.